A new study from Lawrence Berkeley National Lab offers fresh insights into the impact of wind farms on the values of nearby homes.
, “Commercial Wind Turbines and Residential Home Values: New Evidence from the Universe of Land-Based Wind Projects in the United States,” scrutinized a dataset of 500,000 home sales near 428 wind farms across 34 states, spanning from 2005 to 2020. What’s unique here is the timeframe of the study – it covers a period from four years before announcement to more than six years after they began operating.
The construction of wind farms can affect local economies in various ways – job creation, tax revenue, and, yes, home sale prices. While previous studies hadn’t found significant impacts on home values in the US, this new report sheds light on some nuanced trends.
Graph: Berkeley Lab
The study found that home sale prices within one mile of a wind farm tend to dip post-announcement and decrease further during construction. But interestingly, they bounce back to pre-announcement levels within three to five years of the project being online. Homes within a mile of the wind farms saw an average price reduction of around 11%. However, homes located within one to two miles of a commercial wind farm experience much smaller impacts, and homes located farther than two miles away are unaffected.
Another intriguing find is the geographical variation. The impact on home prices was more pronounced in populous counties (those with over 250,000 people) than their rural counterparts. In more rural areas, the study didn’t observe any significant changes in home prices near wind farms.
It’s worth noting that the study didn’t explore certain aspects, like comparing wind communities to non-wind ones or the potential offsetting economic benefits like increased local tax revenue. The researchers hope to tackle these in future studies.
Top comment by Nathan Campbell
There is a pretty good suggestion in the conclusion: “One possible way to compensate homeowners located near a wind energy installation would be to provide them with a property tax abatement for a period after announcement and continuing for a period of years after operation begins, funded with the revenue generated from the wind project, that might offset any reduction in the value of their homes.”
To limit power outages and make your home more resilient, consider going solar with a battery storage system. In order to find a trusted, reliable solar installer near you that offers competitive pricing, check out EnergySage, a free service that makes it easy for you to go solar. They have hundreds of pre-vetted solar installers competing for your business, ensuring you get high quality solutions and save 20-30% compared to going it alone. Plus, it’s free to use and you won’t get sales calls until you select an installer and you share your phone number with them.
Your personalized solar quotes are easy to compare online and you’ll get access to unbiased Energy Advisers to help you every step of the way. Get started here. – ad*
Author: Michelle Lewis